I’ve previously written posts about my ongoing effort to get a complete list of Spanish verbs (see tab above) used in cooking, but here I’ll describe a great way to see some verbs in action. As part of my effort to actually learn Spanish I constantly look for new resources and I found a really delightful one, a YouTube channel, Why Not Spanish. It’s a great way to practice escuchando with a very entertaining couple.
But in particular there is one video that applies to cooking verbs.
where María (a Spanish teacher and native of Colombia) is helping her husband Cody (Spanish learner from USA) to make empanadas. The video is better than any post I can write about it so I’ll just list a few things I extracted from the video.
Also, this video triggered me to make some more searches and so I found a wonderful receta/cocinar site, Mis Recetas Colombianas that has an almost identical recipe Empanadas Colombianas to the one in the video (and in English) with a lot more detail and some good vocabulary to learn.
So first is a list of the verbs shown on flashcards in the video with what they say is the English, what Google Translate says and SpanishDict says. These are very common cooking verbs that are very good to know (unlike some of the most obscure verbs on my list).
|from YouTube shown on the screen as flashcards||from YouTube shown on screen||GT||SD (primary)|
|agregar||to add||add||to add|
|añadir||to add||add||to add|
|calentar||to heat||warm||to heat|
|cocinar||to cook||cook||to cook|
|colocar||to put||place||to place|
|cubrir||to cover||cover||to cover|
|dejarla reposar||to let ___ rest||let it rest||to leave ..… to rest|
|doblar||to fold||bend||to fold, to turn|
|escurrir||to drain||drain||to drain|
|formar||to shape||form||to form|
|freír||to fry||fry||to fry|
|mezclar||to mix||mix||to mix|
|picar||to chop||chop||to sting, to itch
under (to divide into pieces) chop, mince, cut
|revolver||to stir||stir||to stir|
|romper||to break||break||to break|
|sellar||to seal||seal||to stamp|
|triturar||to mash||crush||to grind|
Second, if you listen the video closely you will also hear other verbs being used in this cooking lesson they didn’t make flashcards, but I’ve included for a bit of completeness. Recall (in previous posts) that the infinitive for a verb gets conjugated in actual prose BUT also there are other derivatives, commonly the first person singular present conjugation is also a noun and sometimes an adjective, so, por ejemplo, molida (modifies noun carne so is the feminine of the adjective molido, so ground meat) which is the past participle of the verb moler (to grind).
|in audio of the video||SD|
|acompañar||to go with, to accompany|
|amasar||to knead, to amass|
|aplastar||to crush (squash)|
|faltar||to miss, to be missing|
|molida (moler)||to grind, to mill|
And this is an interesting phrase used in the video
|sí manos a la obra||let’s get to work|
They also show the various ingredients used (image and its English and Spanish name) and I’ve just re-arranged their list a bit and also merged with the recipe website.
|para la masa:||for the dough|
|· el maíz precocido||· a masa flour ( from hominy nixtamal)|
|· el agua||· water|
|· el aceite vegetal||· vegetable oil|
|· el sazón (con Culantro y Achiote)||· seasoning mix|
|· la sal||· salt|
|para le relleno:||for the filling|
|· las papas||· potatoes|
|· pastilla del caldo de pollo||· a tablet of chicken stock|
|· el aceite de oliva,||· olive oil|
|· la cebolla blanca||· white onion|
|· el tomate||· tomato|
|· la sal||· sal|
|· la cebolla larga||· scallions, aka green onion|
|para el resto:||for the rest (a quiz in the video)|
|· el ajo||· garlic|
|· el cilantro fresco||· fresh cilantro|
|· el pimentón rojo||· red (bell) pepper|
|· la pimienta negra||· ground black pepper|
|· la carne molida||· ground meat|