Animales en el menú

Just in case you ever dine at some restaurant in a Spanish speaking country where some more unusual animals might appear on the menu I thought I’d give you a list.

I like making lists and this was a fairly easy one as there were numerous sources with only a few contradictions. Of course a constant challenge with picking up Spanish words from the Net is some of these might be regional. And while I like crunching through lists (and now I think this one here is the largest one you’ll find) it’s a lot more work (than I want to do now) to research these palabras and see if they’re really 100% accurate, at least according to authoritative sources.

Note: While I list the sources (first column) in this table, just to show how frequently a word appears in various lists, I don’t actually provide the sources, so this is fully derivative work and not credited to original sources. The words show in bold are my choices for one word for each letter, usually something that was original in Spanish and imported into English.

So enjoy and beware in your dining that if these appear on the menu you’ll actually want to order them.

1 5 abeja bee
1 áfido aphid
2 aguaviva jellyfish
1 3 4 5 águila eagle
4 aguilón large eagle
5 aguja del diablo dragonfly
1 alacrán scorpion
3 5 albatros albatross
1 4 alce elk
1 3 4 5 alce moose
4 alce de américa moose
1 5 almeja clam
1 alondra lark
1 alpaca alpaca
1 5 anchoa anchovy
1 5 anfibios amphibian
1 5 anguila eel
1 3 4 antílope antelope
1 2 5 araña spider
2 ardil squirrel
1 3 4 5 ardilla squirrel
3 4 ardilla listada chipmunk
3 ardilla voladora flying squirrel
1 5 arenque herring
1 3 4 armadillo armadillo
1 asno donkey
1 5 atún tuna
4 1 ave general class of birds (also a large bird)
1 3 4 5 avestruz ostrich
1 3 5 avispa wasp
3 babuino baboon
1 5 bacalao cod
1 3 bagre catfish
1 2 3 4 5 ballena whale
3 ballena jorobada humpback whale
1 barracuda barracuda
4 becerro calf
4 bicha snake
2 bichos bugs
1 3 4 bisonte bison
1 4 boa boa
4 borrego lamb
1 4 5 buey ox
1 4 3 5 búfalo buffalo
4 búfalo de agua water buffalo
1 2 4 5 búho owl
1 3 5 buitre vulture
4 burrito baby donkey
1 2 3 4 burro donkey
1 4 caballa mackerel
1 caballito de mar seahorse
1 2 3 4 5 caballo horse
3 caballo de mar seahorse
1 2 3 5 cabra goat
4 cabra montés mountain goat
4 cabrito baby goat
1 cacatúa cockatoo
2 3 4 cachorro puppy
4 caimán alligator
1 3 4 5 caimán alligator
1 3 5 calamar squid
3 calamar gigante giant squid
1 3 camaleón chameleon
1 5 camarón shrimp
1 3 4 5 camello camel
1 5 canario canary
1 2 5 cangrejo crab
1 2 3 4 5 canguro kangaroo
1 capibara capybara
1 2 3 caracol snail
5 caribú caribou
4 carnero ram
1 3 4 5 castor beaver
1 2 3 4 5 cebra zebra
1 2 3 4 5 cerdo pig
4 cerdo salvaje wild hog
3 cerdo vietnamita pot-bellied pig
1 chacal jackal
1 3 4 5 chimpancé chimpanzee
1 5 chinche bedbug
5 chita cheetah
4 chivo goat
4 chucho dog
1 3 5 ciempiés centipede
2 3 4 ciervo deer
1 cigarra cicada
1 4 5 cigüeña stork
1 3 5 cisne swan
3 coala koala
2 cobaya guinea pig
1 4 cobra cobra
4 cochino pig  (usually live)
4 cocodrilo alligator
1 2 3 4 5 cocodrilo crocodile
1 codorniz quail
1 3 5 colibrí hummingbird
1 3 comadreja weasel
1 cóndor condor
3 conejillo de indias guinea pig
1 cobaya guinea pig
1 2 3 4 5 conejo rabbit
4 cordero lamb
4 coto monkey
4 cotorra parrot
4 couger couger
1 4 coyote coyote
5 crustáceos crustacean
1 2 3 5 cucaracha cockroach
1 cuco cuckoo
1 5 cuervo crow/raven
4 5 culebra snake
1 danta tapir
1 2 3 4 5 delfín dolphin
1 demonio de tasmania Tasmanian devil
1 dingo dingo
3 dragon dragon
1 dragón de komodo Komodo dragon
1 dromedario dromedary
1 2 3 4 5 elefante elephant
3 elefante africano African elephant
3 elefante asiático Asian elephant
1 emú emu
1 3 erizo hedgehog
1 erizo de mar sea urchin
1 5 escarabajo beetle
1 3 5 escorpión scorpion
1 estornino starling
1 3 estrella de mar starfish
1 3 faisán pheasant
1 5 flamenco flamingo
1 2 3 4 5 foca seal
1 4 gacela gazelle
1 galápago freshwater tortoise
4 galbana sloth
1 2 3 4 gallina chicken (usually a hen)
4 gallito baby chicken
1 2 4 gallo rooster
1 gamba shrimp
1 2 4 5 ganso goose
1 garrapata tick
1 garza heron
4 gatito kitten
1 2 3 4 5 gato cat
3 gato montés bobcat
1 gato montés wildcat
1 gavilán buzzard
1 5 gaviota seagull/gull
1 gecko gecko
3 geco gecko
3 glotón wolverine
1 golondrina swallow
1 3 5 gorila gorilla
1 3 gorrión sparrow
1 5 grillo cricket
1 grulla crane
1 guacamayo macaw
1 guepardo cheetah
1 2 gusano worm
1 3 5 halcón falcon
5 halibut halibut
1 2 3 hámster hamster
1 3 4 5 hiena hyena
5 hipogloso halibut
1 2 3 4 5 hipopótamo hippopotamus
1 3 5 hormiga ant
3 hormigas rojas fire ants
5 huachinango red snapper
1 3 hurón ferret
1 4 iguana iguana
1 2 5 insectos insects
1 jabalí boar
1 4 jaguar jaguar
1 jerbo gerbil
1 jilguero goldfinch
2 jirafa giraffe
1 2 3 4 5 jirafa giraffe
1 kiwi kiwi
1 5 koala koala
1 3 5 lagartija lizard
4 lagarto alligator
5 lagarto lizard
5 lamprea lamprey
1 3 5 langosta lobster
5 langostino crayfish
4 lechón pig    (usually cooked)
1 4 lechuza owl
1 5 lenguado sole
1 2 3 4 5 león lion
1 león marino sea lion
1 3 4 5 leopardo leopard
3 leopardo cazador cheetah
1 3 5 libélula dragonfly
1 liebre hare
4 lince bobcat
1 3 5 lince lynx
1 4 llama llama
1 2 3 4 5 lobo wolf
2 lobo marino sea lion
1 lombriz earthworm
1 3 4 loro parrot
1 3 luciérnaga firefly
4 macaco monkey
5 makerela mackerel
5 mamboretás praying mantis
1 3 5 manatí manatee
1 5 mandril baboon/ mandrel
1 mangosta mongoose
1 3 mantarraya stingray
5 mantis praying mantis
1 mantis religiosa praying mantis
1 2 3 4 mapache raccoon
1 2 3 5 mariposa butterfly
3 mariposa monarca monarch butterfly
5 mariposa nocturna moth
1 5 mariquita lady beetle (lady bug)
1 marmota marmot/groundhog
5 marsopa porpoise
1 martín pescador kingfisher
2 mascotas pets
4 maza monkey
1 medusa jellyfish
2 medusa jellyfish
1 mejillón mussel
5 mero bass
4 mico monkey
1 3 5 milpiés millipede
1 mirlo blackbird
1 4 5 mofeta skunk
5 moluscos mollusk
4 mongosta mongoose
1 mono ape
1 2 3 4 5 mono monkey
3 mono araña spider monkey
1 2 3 4 5 morsa walrus
4 morueco ram
1 2 3 5 mosca fly/housefly
3 mosca de la fruta fruit fly
1 5 mosquito mosquito
1 3 mula mule
1 3 4 5 murciélago bat
1 musaraña shrew
1 narval narwhal
1 3 4 5 nutria otter
1 4 ñandú rhea
1 ñu wildebeest
3 ocelote ocelot
4 oposum opossum
3 orangután orangutan
1 5 orca orca / killer whale
4 orco killer whale
1 3 ornitorrinco platypus
1 2 3 oruga caterpillar
1 2 3 4 5 oso bear
1 3 oso hormiguero anteater
3 oso negro black bear
1 3 oso panda panda bear
1 5 oso perezoso sloth
1 3 oso polar polar bear
5 ostiones oysters
1 5 ostra oyster
5 otaria sealion
1 2 3 4 5 oveja sheep
2 3 4 5 pájaro bird
1 3 5 pájaro carpintero woodpecker
5 paloma dove
1 5 paloma pigeon
5 panda panda
1 panda rojo red panda
1 pangolín pangolin
1 panther panther
1 4 5 papagayo parrot
3 pastor alemán German shepherd
1 4 5 pato duck
1 4 5 pavo turkey
1 3 5 pavo real peacock
1 2 3 4 5 peces/pez fish
1 3 4 5 pelícano pelican
5 perca perch
1 perdiz partridge
3 4 perezoso sloth
1 2 4 perico parakeet
1 4 periquito parakeet
4 perrito puppy
1 2 3 4 5 perro dog
4 pescado fish  (caught, usually cooked)
1 5 petirrojo robin
1 pez espada swordfish
3 pez león lionfish
1 2 3 5 pingüino penguin
1 pinzón finch
1 5 piojo lice / louse
1 3 piraña piranha
1 4 pitón python
2 polil moth
1 3 polilla moth
2 pollito chick/chicken
1 4 5 pollo chicken
1 4 potro colt/foal
2 4 puerco pig
3 puerco espín porcupine
1 5 puercoespín porcupine
1 pulga flea
1 pulgón aphid
1 3 5 pulpo octopus
1 3 4 5 puma cougar
5 rana frog
1 3 5 rana frog
3 rana de árbol tree frog
5 rape monkfish
1 3 4 5 rata rat
1 2 3 4 5 ratón mouse
1 raya ray
1 reno reindeer
1 5 reptiles reptiles
5 rezaderas praying mantis
1 2 3 4 5 rinoceronte rhino
5 róbalo haddock
1 ruiseñor nightingale
1 3 5 salamandra salamander
1 5 salmón salmon
1 3 5 saltamontes grasshoper
1 sanguijuela leech
5 santa teresas praying mantis
1 4 5 sapo toad
1 5 sardina sardine
1 sepia cuttlefish
4 serpiente snake
1 2 3 serpiente snake
3 serpiente de cascabel rattlesnake
1 serpiente de coral rattlesnake
1 suricata meerkat
1 tapir tapir
5 tecolote owl
1 4 tejón badger
1 tejón australiano wombat
1 5 termita termite
1 4 ternero calf
1 2 3 4 5 tiburón shark
3 tiburón martillo hammerhead shark
1 2 3 4 5 tigre tiger
3 tigre siberiano siberian tiger
3 tijereta earwig
1 topo mole
1 2 4 5 toro bull
5 tortolita lady beetle (lady bug)
5 tortuga tortoise
2 3 4 5 tortuga turtle
3 tortuga baula leatherback turtle
1 tortuga de mar turtle
1 tortuga de tierra tortoise
3 tortuga marina sea turtle
1 tritón triton
1 5 trucha trout
1 5 tucán toucan
1 5 urraca magpie
1 2 3 4 5 vaca cow
1 4 5 venado deer
1 víbora adder
1 visón mink
1 wombat wombat
1 yegua mare
1 5 zancudo mosquito
3 4 zarigüeya opossum / possum
1 3 4 5 zorrillo skunk
2 3 4 5 zorro fox

copa or taza de café

Google translates “cup of coffee” to taza de cafe?

Yes it turns out, except an accent really is needed (café), even though a café (the eating establishment) is also café even though we’d spell it cafe in the US. Go figure!

But the obvious cognate copa is actually wrong, for this purpose. Why?

Well, actually I found out, not by looking at menus but from a fun little book, Breaking Out of Beginner’s Spanish, by Joseph J. Keenan. The purpose of this book is to go beyond what one learns in class (or Duolingo) and also from casual dictionaries (both spanishdict.com and Oxford (now lexico.com/es) have sufficiently robust definitions that careful reading would supply the distinction I’ll explain) and speak more like native Spanish speakers. You’ll probably be understood with “school” (second-language) Spanish but you may get a better reception the closer you can come to native speaking customs.

Both taza and copa have one short definition of ‘cup’, although only copa says glass as well (which really should be vaso). I’ve also seen on menus copa de helado which took a little work to also discover copa can mean bowl, although spanishdict.com says this translation applies in the context of a toilet bowl! So it seems (from pictures I saw on websites that also had text of copa de helado this is just a scoop of ice cream in a typical ice cream serving dish, which in fact, looks like the typical cup a copa really is.

So taza is the traditional coffee cup we know and love, usually with the typical handle; IOW, rather specific shaped to handle coffee (or , yes the obvious cognate of tea). copa, OTOH, often looks like a wine goblet, or sometimes like a cocktail glass (some menus I’ve seen use this word for desserts (postres) and the pictures often look like martini glasses with a luscious dessert. But the common expression (which Google Translate gets right), ir de copa does mean go for a drink. IOW, a copa is usually the serving container for alcoholic drinks, not hot coffee.

So, as Keenan’s book discusses ordering a copa de café will probably get a confused look (as in the breakfast place) or an alcoholic drink (with some coffee liqueur) in a place with a bar.

So, bottomline, stick with taza. And stick to vaso for agua.

Now, just for fun, this sounds like the German word, tasse, which is a cup of coffee, but as I learned on my bike trip this isn’t the right amount for breakfast (you get a demitasse (which amusingly in Spanish is tacita, see the connection to taza, like hermanito is to hermano).  In Germany, for breakfast, you want a portion (which is kinda pronounced, ports-zee-own) which is just a small pot brought to the table with a tasse, so about the small amount as a nice mug of coffee at a truck stop in the US.

Now, as exercise for you, Dear Reader, do you order a vaso or copa vino tinto (or is it rojo, given the other is vino blanco)?

 

added much later: And Antonio Banderas singing the famous song, Morena De Mi Corazón, uses copa simply to mean a drink.